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This rating allows the commercially rated pilot to act as an instructor on the aircraft types appropriately endorsed. Some candidates find this a useful method of gaining experience, although it should be considered as a long term commitment to the aviation industry.

Requirements for the issue of the Instructor’s Rating:

1. Be the holder of a valid Commercial Pilot’s license or Airline Transport Pilots’ License.

2. You must complete an approved training course, which involves theoretical knowledge pertaining to instruction and the presentation of ground and air exercise briefings.

3. You must have completed 20 hours of “Patter”, which is the process of learning to teach in the cockpit environment, and learning how to effectively demonstrate the various flight maneuvers, while providing meaningful commentary.

4. You must have passed the SA-CAA theoretical examinations.

5. Pass a combined theoretical and practical flight test with a SA-CAA nominated Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).

Flying a multi engine aircraft is a cornerstone of being a Commercial Pilot, and ensures the new CPL individual is as marketable as possible in the General Aviation market place. It is thoroughly recommended to obtain this rating.

Requirements for the issue of a Multi-Engine Class rating:

1. Complete a minimum of 6 hours of multi-engine flight time.

2. Successfully complete a practical flight test with a Grade One Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).

3. Applying to the SA-CAA for the new class rating, and paying the appropriate fee.

If a multi engine instrument rating is sought, you must also meet the requirement for the multi engine instrument rating, as listed previously. This training is in addition to the 6 hours above.

This is the rating you will require to enter the commercial and airline world of aviation. As a commercial pilot you may fly as pilot in command, for remuneration, any aircraft certified for single pilot operations.
You may operate as a co-pilot, for remuneration (once you have completed the type-specific training) on any large commercial aircraft certified for multi crew operations, up to the Boeing 747. To operate as pilot in command on multi crew aircraft you must complete the Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL).
It is obvious that the CPL is required should a career in aviation be your dream. It will also allow you to build the mandatory experience required for the ATP.

Requirements for the issue of a Commercial Pilot’s License (CPL):

1.Be at least 18 years old.

2. Be the holder of a class 1 medical certificate.

3. Hold a General Radio Telephony certificate.

4. You must have completed a minimum of 200 hours, of which 20 may have been completed on approved simulators. This actually means that if you pursue a CPL with Instrument Rating, you will need 180 hours of flight time.

5. Of these flight hours, 100 must be as pilot in command (PIC), which must include 5 hours as pilot in command at night. These hours must consist of a minimum of 20 hours cross country flight time, with at least 1 flight of more than 300NM’s with 2 full stop landings at airfields other than the base. You must also complete a night cross country flight with a minimum of 3 legs with each leg being more than 50 NM’s. You must have completed at least 10 take offs and 10 landings at night.

6. You must have successfully completed the SA-CAA CPL theory examinations.

7. You must complete a CPL General Flight Test in a complex-type aircraft (one that has adjustable flaps, retractable undercarriage and a constant-speed propeller), conducted by a Grade One Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).

8. Should an instrument rating be sought, the conditions listed under Instrument Rating must be met.

9. Application must be made to the SA-CAA for the Commercial Pilots License. The applicable fee must be paid.

It is possible to do the final flight test in a Multi-Engine (ME) aircraft, if you are planning to obtain a multi engine rating.

For the aspiring professional pilot, or for the dedicated Private Pilot, the instrument rating takes you into the world of advanced flight, giving you the capability of flying, navigating and landing in weather conditions that would keep the birds on the ground.

You will have encountered the basics of instrument flight during your night rating training, and these 10 hours of instrument time are counted towards your Instrument Rating training. From this base, you now learn radio navigation, controlled airspace communication, holding procedures, en-route risk management, approach and go-around procedures, transition to visual and landing in reduced visibility. Abnormalities and emergencies are continuously introduced and appropriate behavior is emphasized.

Requirements for the issue of an Instrument Rating:

1. Hold a valid Private Pilots’ License (PPL) with a night rating.

2. Have a Class 1 medical.

3. Pass the SA-CAA required examinations.

4. Completed 50 hours of cross country time as pilot in command (PIC).

5. Complete a minimum of 40 hours of instrument flight time, 20 of which may be completed on approved simulators. If a multi-engine instrument rating is sought, a minimum of 5 hours instrument flight time must be acquired in a multi-engine aircraft.

6. Pass a practical flight test, conducted by a Grade One Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).

7. Be the holder of a General Radio Telephony license.

8. Make the relevant application to the SA-CAA, pay the required fee, and your license will be endorsed accordingly.

It is worth mentioning that the effort required for the PPL instrument exams is almost as involved as completing the full CPL exams, and thus the general tendency is to opt for the commercial rating from the outset.

There are considerable restrictions placed on operating single engine aircraft in Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC), and the result is a requirement for a Multi-Engine Instrument Rating (ME IR), which is essentially similar to the above, but must include a Multi-Engine Rating, at least five hours of instrument flight on a ME aircraft, and the final flight test on this aircraft type.

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